- Extreme Optimization
- Documentation
- Statistics Library User's Guide
- Continuous Distributions
- Continuous Distributions
- The Beta Distribution
- The Cauchy Distribution
- The Chi Square Distribution
- The Erlang Distribution
- The Exponential Distribution
- The F Distribution
- The Gamma Distribution
- The Generalized Pareto Distribution
- The Gumbel Distribution
- The Laplace Distribution
- The Logistic Distribution
- Log-Logistic Distribution
- The Lognormal Distribution
- The Non-central Beta Distribution
- The Non-central Chi Square Distribution
- The Non-central F Distribution
- The Non-central Student t distribution
- The Normal Distribution
- The Pareto Distribution
- The Rayleigh Distribution
- Student's t Distribution
- The Transformed Beta Distribution
- The Transformed Gamma Distribution
- The Triangular Distribution
- The Continuous Uniform Distribution
- The Weibull Distribution

- The Cauchy Distribution

The Cauchy Distribution | Extreme Optimization Numerical Libraries for .NET Professional |

The Cauchy distribution can be used to model the distribution of horizontal distances at which a line segment tilted at a random angle cuts a line.

The Cauchy distribution has one scale parameter. The probability density function is:

The Cauchy distribution looks similar to a normal distribution, but has a much heavier tail. It can be used to study hypothesis tests that assume a normal distribution. How well the tests perform on data from a Cauchy distribution gives a good indication of the sensitivity of the test to heavy-tail departures from normality.

The mean and standard deviation of the Cauchy distribution are undefined. This means that no amount of data points will yield a more accurate or reliable estimate of the mean and standard deviation than does a single point.

The Cauchy distribution is sometimes called the Lorentzian distribution.

The Cauchy distribution is implemented by the CauchyDistribution class. It has one constructor which takes the scale parameter as its only argument. The following constructs a beta distribution with scale parameter 3.2:

The CauchyDistribution class has one specific property, ScaleParameter, that returns the scale parameter of the distribution.

CauchyDistribution has one static (*Shared* in Visual Basic) method, Sample, which generates a
random sample using a user-supplied uniform random number generator.

var random = new MersenneTwister(); double sample = CauchyDistribution.Sample(random, 3.2);

For details of the properties and methods common to all continuous distribution classes, see the topic on continuous distributions..

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