Am I missing something here?
While testing some time series functionality in the new version of our statistics library, we came across a rather curious discrepancy. We used the historical quotes available from Yahoo Finance as a reference resource. As it turns out, comparison with our data appears to show that Yahoo miscalculates some summary statistics.
The error occurs on the Historical Prices page when using a monthly timeframe. Take the monthly data for 2005 for Microsoft’s stock (symbol MSFT). This shows an average daily volume for January of 79,642,818 shares. According to the help document, this is “the average daily volume for all trading days in the reported month.”
When we look at the daily prices for January 2005, we find 20 trading days. When we add up all the daily volumes, we find 1,521,414,280 shares changed hands that month. That should give an average daily volume of 76,070,714 shares, more than 3 million shares less than Yahoo’s figure. Why the difference?
A brief investigation showed that the difference can be explained because Yahoo includes the volume on the last trading day of the month twice. If you add the volume of Jan. 1st to the total, we get 1,592,856,376. Dividing by the number of trading days (20) gives 79,642,818.8.
When we look at other months, we find the same pattern: Yahoo consistently overstates the average daily volume for the month by a few percentage points. Each time, this difference can be explained by the double inclusion of the volume of the last trading day in the total volume for the month.
Here’s a random sample: Research in Motion for June 2000. Yahoo gives an average daily volume of 4,262,160 shares. Our calculation shows an average of 3,870,800 shares corresponding to a total volume of 77,416,000 for the month. Yahoo’s total corresponds to 85,243,200 shares. The difference of 7,820,200 shares is exactly the volume for June 30th.
The weekly average daily volume appears to be correct.
I find it hard to believe that a service that is as widely used as Yahoo would show such an error. So, my question to the experts in technical analysis out there is: What am I missing???